What is Orthodontics ?
The branch of dentistry that corrects the teeth and jaw which are misplaced is called Orthodontics.
Why Orthodontic Braces are Used ?
Orthodontic dental braces are the devices which are used in appliances for straightening, aligning, positioning and improving the teeth health with respect to the person’s bite.. Under bites, as well as malocclusions, overbites, open bites, deep bites, cross bites, crooked teeth, etc are being corrected using braces appliances.
How Braces are Placed ?
Basically there are four elements used in dental braces – brackets, bonding material, arch wire, and ligature elastic. Archwires are passed through the brackets which is fixed on the teeth and are attached to the bands. Teeth move when the arch wire puts pressure on the brackets and teeth. The band or spring are used to put more force in specific direction. Braces can be either cosmetic or structural.
Types of Dental Braces :
There are different types of dental braces.They are:
Traditional metal wired braces are the common type of braces which are stainless steel are sometimes used in combination with titanium. Here the elastic band hold the wire onto the metal brackets. Other common type of braces is Self ligating in which there is no need of an elastic ties. The wire goes through the bracket. Here compared to traditional braces treatment time and pain is less.
Clear braces in which it act as a cosmetic braces where the brackets are made of plastic material. Here it have the colour of teeth and is less observable.It works in the same way of both traditional metal braces and self ligating.
Gold plated stainless steel braces are used when the patients are alergic to the component of stainless steel-nickel. Or sometimes people may choose the gold covering look rather than stainless steel.
Lingual braces are bonded to the back of the teeth such that this externally not visible. This is a cosmetic alternative.
Multi-Loop Edgewise Archwire (MEAW) – here between the teeth there are wire loops.
Progressive, clear removable aligners braces which is used to bring the teeth into final position. Compared to traditional braces this is less effective but varies with the patients.
Smart brackets, a new concept in which a micro chip is enclosed with the bracket to know the force applied on it and thus to know the interface of the teeth.
How Much Time is Required for the Recovary ?
Depending on the complexity and types of problems treatment times vary from six months to two and a half years. Retainers can be used to prevent the teeth moving back to their original position. And this is kept soon after the braces treatment is completed.
Thangam’s Dental Clinic provides affordable Orthodontic Braces Treatment in Chennai.
For any more details feel free to contact us..