Root canal treatment in Endodontic can be described as a treatment performed to repair as well as to save a damaged or infected tooth than removing it off. This involves removing the damaged teeth, cleaning the affected area, disinfecting it and then filling and sealing the same.
Why a root canal is needed?
Root canal is necessary when the pulp inside the root canal becomes infected. This infection can be caused due to variety of reasons like, tooth decaying, repeated dental procedures and chip or crack on tooth. An injury to a tooth can also infect or damage the pulp even if no visible cracks or chips are found. If the pulp inflammation is left untreated, this can cause you severe pain and can lead to an abscess.
Signs to get a root canal treatment :
There are several signs of root canal that may give you a signal to consult your doctor for the treatment. Those can be;
- Severe toothache during chewing or pressure application
- Discoloration of teeth
- Prolonged sensitivity to hot or cold
- Recurring pimple on the gums
- Swelling in the nearby gums
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Procedure for Root Canal Treatment :
People normally fear root canal assuming that they are painful. The treatment procedure includes following steps;
Step 1 : Local anesthesia is used to numb the affected tooth and surrounding area.
Step 2 : A small access hole is drilled through the biting surface of affected tooth, so as to access the pulp chamber.
Step 3 : Using a specially designed instrument the dead pulp is removed and the entire root canals and pulp chamber is cleaned out.
Step 4 : Canal is disinfected using antiseptic & antibacterial solutions.
Step 5 : Reshaping of canals are carried out with flexible instruments so that they can receive root canal fillings and sealers.
Step 6 : Root canal fillings are selected to exactly fit into the canals freshly prepared.
Step 7 : Access hole is sealed with either temporary or permanent filling material.
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